Pencak Silat or often referred to as just silat is one of the most famous sports / martial arts that comes from the Asian region. there are numerous forms of print axilla that originated from Indonesia, Brunei darussalam, Singapore, Philippines, and Thailand. what is so special about chocolate and why is it is very popular in Asian countries? let’s take a deeper look on Bachelor and how it fares against other martial arts.
The meaning of silat varies from countries to countries, generally pencak means “fixed” martial arts techniques while silat is “free” martial arts techniques. In present day Silat is considered to be more of an “art” instead of a martial art. This is because most of the movements in Silat are more “appealing” to the eyes but not that effective in self defense situation.
Pencak silat is often a Fusion of Art and martial arts that comes from the traditional culture of surrounding areas. That is why there are so many forms of the martial arts because every country and every area in the country has their own style of silat. Here are some examples:
- West Sumatran has Silek & Gayuang
- West Java has Maenpo and Penca
- Central and East Java has Merpati Putih
Most people would agree that the root of all martial arts was the Buddha, that is also the case for pencak silat. Many believe that the martial art was originated by transmigrant from Buddhist countries that relocate to Asian countries. Countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia is a living proof of the theory.
In Indonesia and Malaysia the martial art is considered to be one of the oldest type of self-defense skills that exist in those countries, initially only people with a lot of money and high social status can learn about the art. But as time goes by that is not the case anymore. similar things happen to other Asian countries. and that is basically the history of pencak silat.
Like any other martial arts, pencak silat is designed to help someone become better physically and mentally. but in the case of this martial art also put an emphasis on being close with god. That is why there are so many type of silat that requires the practitioner to be a believer in some type of God. obviously this is not a new concept because Muay Thai also has this type of belief. But pencak silat takes it into a whole new level.
Silat Martial Arts Training
A normal silat training session is consisted of three parts which are warm up, technique training, and special training. The first two stages are things that you can usually find in other martial arts such as jumping jack and jogging for warm-up, continued by specific training such as hand/leg strikes training. But what makes Silat different is the last part of their training.
Depending on the type of silat you are training in, the special training could be very similar or very different from each other. But one of the most famous silat styles incorporates breathing training. But why? Continue to the next section to find out.
Some of pencak silat styles teaches you to do things that are “impossible” for the regular person. Practitioner of Merpati Putih for example: Some of them are able to see without seeing and transfer extreme heat throughout their body. Don’t believe me? Check this video out:
Whether the demonstration is legit or not, it is quite impressive to see that this type of things exist. I have also heard rumors that some of the martial arts practitioner is able to detect bombs using their “abilities”.Quite impressive stuff in my opinion.
Most are able to achieve this using reading techniques and Sam Supernatural stuff that you won’t believe me even if I told you.
Pencak Silat Merpati Putih
The martial arts association of PES Betako (PPS Betako) Merpati Putih is a branch of martial arts in Indonesia under the auspices of the Indonesian Pencak Silat Association (IPSI). Established on April 2, 1963, Merpati Putih has made many achievements both at national and international levels. Training groups (Kolat) are not only in Indonesia, but also abroad such as the United States. So that the development of Merpati Putih pencak silat has traveled all over the world.
White Pigeon (MP) is a cultural heritage of Indonesian ancestors which was originally a family science of the Palace that was passed down from generation to generation, and finally the will of the White Pigeon teacher was permitted and disseminated with the intention to be developed to be useful for the country.
Initially this flow was owned by Sampeyan Dalem Inkang Sinuhun Kanjeng Susuhunan Prince Prabu Mangkurat Ingkang Jumeneng Ing Kartosuro then to BPH Adiwidjojo (Grat I). Then after the third Grat, R. Ay. Djojoredjoso revealed his knowledge was broken down according to his own specialization, this martial art has two other brothers. namely the title Crow Samudro and Crow Seto. Gagak Samudro is inherited from medicine, while Gagak Seto is a literary science. And for martial arts handed down to Crow Handoko (Grat IV). From this Crow Handoko finally passed down to Mas Saring then Mas Poeng and Mas Budi became Petak Betako Merpati Putih. Until now, the two other brothers and sisters have never known the whereabouts of their knowledge and are still sought to this day in each region in the country to reunite (Wikipedia)
The meaning of Merpati Putih itself is an abbreviation in Javanese, namely:
Mersudi Patitising Titising Silent Titising Act which in Indonesian means “Searching for Truth with Peace” so that it is hoped that a Merpati Putih Member will harmonize his heart and mind in all his actions. Besides that, Petak Betako Merpati Putih has a motto: “My contribution is worthless, but my sincerity is real” (Wikipedia)
A philosophy which, in my opinion, self-defense which uses inner peace in dealing with all that is encountered. With calm we will easily get a truth.
Currently there are young heirs of Merpati Putih, namely Mas Hemi and Mas Amos who are sons of the Merpati Putih Professor, Mas Poeng (Mas Amos’s father) and Mas Budi (Mas Hemi’s father). And even now Merpati Putih shows its greatness and courage in line with the times. White Dove itself has adapted the martial arts which have increasingly developed, and what we have recently heard is the adoption of the White Dove silat pencak silat, which was initiated by the White Dove fighter himself. This martial art is called MP Street Fighter where this martial art is already quite well known among the people of Indonesia, especially the Merpati Putih fighter himself. Moreover, MP Street Fighter has just been introduced to a private television station program that introduces the MP Street Fighter.
Training in silat is quite exhausting, I do not know whether because this is pure self-defense or not, but according to people’s views too. Routine and physical exercise really drains energy so sometimes you want to pass out or throw up. I don’t know, that’s what I experienced. However, I realize this is martial arts not ballet dancing. Strong physical and endurance must also be needed to be a true fighter. The simple reason I followed the Merpati Putih martial is to be able to defend myself and fight those who do evil to us, only that is no more. Logically, it means that I have finished here if I only got the martial arts.
However, it is different in Merpati Putih. There is another side that is different from other martial arts. Yes, breathing White Dove. I am a bit strange seeing the way of breathing in White Dove because the sound of his breathing is very typical. And this is the main attraction when we see and follow pencak silat Merpati Putih. During this time I have not or have not seen the technique of breathing in other martial arts. Here I am taught by several trainers who have a level that is certainly above me. As additional information, the level at Merpati Putih was seen from the belt. If we usually see the level of martial arts seen from the color of the belt, then in White Dove itself seen from the belt strips worn. For example, the basic level 1 is white without the Merpati Putih logo, then the basic level 2 is a red belt without the Merpati Putih logo, and so on (see wikipedia or other reliable source). Technically, breathing in Merpati Putih itself is very difficult at first to do so because it requires very high concentration and strength of the hands and the whole body to hold the breath for a few seconds to get the benefits of the breath itself. As it turns out, the breathing of the White Pigeon itself can be explained scientifically. The hope is that when we use reserve energy, it is only used during emergencies, after doing this breathing we can use this energy whenever and wherever we are.
White dove breathing becomes a characteristic of this martial art compared to other martial arts. The perceived benefits are numerous, including in terms of health. Many findings that explain the breathing of White Dove can cure various diseases. In the process of this breath, we also indirectly absorb inner energy which can one day be used in an emergency. Breaking a dragon and cast concrete can be broken easily even though breathing.
Not only that, this breath makes our mind relaxed and calm. All negative energy in our body is released through cleaning breath. There are still many benefits from the process of breathing itself so that now there are starting from a number of parties who hold seminars on breathing White Merpati through various perspectives such as science and health, discussed in depth with experts who are certainly experienced and hope Merpati Putih is not branded as a martial art that uses metaphysical or occult sciences that make people’s thinking about Merpati Putih mystical. As what has been done by Merpati Putih UKM, IPB in 2013 which held a seminar on Merpati Putih breathing, which can be explained by science.
Hopefully the knowledge of Merpati Putih, both from its own martial arts, art, movement, and even though breathing can develop and become useful knowledge for others. And the science is not misused as arrogant because it has gained a lot of knowledge and solid White Pigeons which ultimately are used to judge or punish others. What we have gained hopes makes us even more humble and have nothing to brag about and makes us also afraid of Allah SWT, according to the promise of the first member is, Devotion and Belief in God Almighty.
“My contribution is worthless, but my sincerity is real“
Pencak Silat Perisai Diri
Perisai Diri is a martial arts organization that is a member of IPSI (Indonesian Pencak Silat Association), the parent organization of the official pencak silat in Indonesia under KONI (the Indonesian National Sports Committee). Shield of Self became one of the ten martial arts institutions which received the title of Historical Education because it had a large role in the history of the formation and development of IPSI.
Perisai Diri was officially established on July 2, 1955 in Surabaya, East Java. The founder was the late RM Soebandiman Dirdjoatmodjo, son of the royal court of the Paku Alam Palace. Before formally establishing the Self Shield, he practiced martial arts in the Taman Students College environment at the request of his uncle, Ki Hajar Dewantoro.
The Silat Shield technique consists of 156 silat styles from various regions in Indonesia coupled with the Shaolin (Siauw Liem) flow from China. Islamic fighters are taught effective and efficient martial arts techniques, both bare hands and with weapons. The practical method in Self Shield is the Hindar Attack exercise which produces the motto “Clever Silat Without Injury”.
Pak Dirdjo (nickname of RM Soebandiman Dirdjoatmodjo) was born in Yogyakarta on January 8, 1913 in the Keraton Paku Alam environment. He was the first son of RM Pakoe Soedirdjo, great-grandfather of Paku Alam II. Since he was 9 years old, he has mastered martial arts in the palace environment so that he has the confidence to train his friends in the Paku Alaman area. Besides pencak silat, he also learned to dance at the Palace of Paku Alam, so he became friends with Wasi and Bagong Kusudiardjo.
Pak Dirdjo, who in his childhood was called by the name Soebandiman or Bandiman by his friends, was not satisfied with the silat knowledge he had gained in the Paku Alaman palace. Because he wanted to improve his martial arts skills, after finishing HIK (Hollands Inlandsche Kweekschool) or junior high school teacher education level, he left Yogyakarta to migrate without carrying any provisions on foot. The first place he visited was Jombang, East Java.
There he studied martial arts at KH Hasan Basri, while religious and other knowledge was obtained from the Tebuireng Islamic Boarding School. Besides studying, he also works at the Peterongan Sugar Factory to pay for his living expenses. After undergoing hard galvanizing smoothly and deemed sufficient, he returned to the west. Arriving in Solo he studied martial arts with Sayid Sahab. He also studied kanuragan with his grandfather, Ki Jogosurasmo.
He was still not satisfied to add to his martial arts. The next destination was Semarang, where he learned martial arts from Soegito from the Setia Saudara school. Followed by studying kanuragan science at Pondok Randu Scissors Semarang. A great sense of curiosity in martial arts makes Pak Dirdjo still not satisfied with what he already has. From there he headed to Cirebon after stopping first in Kuningan. Here, he studied silat and kanuragan again with not getting tired of always getting knowledge from various teachers. Besides that, he also learned the Minangkabau martial arts and Aceh martial arts.
His determination to combine and process various knowledge he learned made him not tired of studying. Switching teachers for him means learning new things and adding knowledge that he feels is lacking. He believes, if everything is done well and based on good intentions, then God will guide to achieve his goals. He also began to concoct his own martial arts. Mr. Dirdjo then settled in Parakan, Banyumas, and opened a martial arts college under the name Eko Kalbu, which means one heart.
In the midst of busy training, he met a Chinese warrior who is a martial arts Siauw Liem Sie (Shaolinshi), Yap Kie San, his name. Yap Kie San is one of the grandchildren of student Louw Djing Tie of Hoo Tik Tjay. According to historical records, Louw Djing Tie is a legendary warrior in the martial world, both in China and in Indonesia, and one of the main figures carrying martial arts martial arts from China to Indonesia. In the martial world, Louw Djing Tie is dubbed the Garuda Gold of Siauw Liem Pay. At present the successors of Louw Djing Tie in Indonesia are establishing the Garuda Emas martial arts school.
Pak Dirdjo who to study knowledge does not look at age and ethnicity and then learned martial arts from the Siauw Liem (Shaolin) monastery from Yap Kie San for 14 years. He was accepted as a student not in the normal way but through a friendly battle with student Yap Kie San. Seeing Pak Dirdjo’s talent, Yap Kie San was moved to accept him as a student.
Various trials and gemblengan he lived diligently until finally reaching the peak of martial arts training from Yap Kie San. There were only six students of Yap Kie San who could survive, including two people who were not Chinese, namely Pak Dirdjo and R Brotosoetarjo who would later establish the Bima silat college (Mataram Indonesian Culture). Armed with the knowledge gained during his journey and combined with Siauw Liem Sie’s martial arts received from Yap Kie San, Mr. Dirdjo began to formulate the knowledge he had mastered.
After being satisfied migrating, he returned to his native land, Yogyakarta. Ki Hajar Dewantoro (the father of education), who is still his Pakde, asked Pak Dirdjo to teach martial arts in the Taman Siswa school environment in Wirogunan. In the midst of his busy teaching silat at Taman Siswa, Pak Dirdjo got a job as Magazijn Meester at the Plered Sugar Factory.
In 1947 in Yogyakarta, Pak Dirdjo was appointed as a Civil Servant at the Ministry of Education and Culture, Pencak Silat Section, which was headed by Mochammad Djoemali. Based on his mission to develop pencak silat, Pak Dirdjo opened a silat course through the public service. He was also asked to teach at the Cultural Student Association, a UGM student activity unit (Gadjah Mada University). The students were UGM students at the beginning of the establishment of the campus. Mr. Dirdjo also opened a martial arts course in his office. Some of Pak Dirdjo’s students at the time included Ir Dalmono who was currently in Russia, Prof. Dr. Suyono Hadi (a lecturer at Padjadjaran University in Bandung), and Bambang Mujiono Probokusumo who among pencak silat were known by the nickname Mas Wuk.
In 1954 Pak Dirdjo was seconded to the East Java Province Cultural Office, Pencak Silat Affairs. His students in Yogyakarta, both those who practice at UGM and outside UGM, are joined in the HPPSI (Indonesian Pencak Silat Fan Association) chaired by Ir Dalmono.
In 1955 he officially moved offices to the city of Surabaya. With the same task, namely developing and spreading pencak silat as the culture of the Indonesian nation, Pak Dirdjo opened a silat course held at the Cultural Office of East Java Province, Surabaya. With the assistance of Imam Romelan, he established the PERISAI SELF martial arts course on July 2, 1955.
The students in Yogyakarta then adjusted to label their association as the Shield Self-Defense Martial Arts. On the other hand, the students of the Eko Kalbu martial arts school that had been founded by Mr. Dirdjo were still in contact with him. They are scattered in the Banyumas, Purworejo and Yogyakarta regions. It’s just that this college then did not develop, but melted itself into the Shield, just like HPPSI in Yogyakarta. One teacher made the dissolution of this college easy.
The experience gained during wandering and the martial arts of Siauw Liem Sie which he mastered was then poured out in the form of techniques that suit the needs and abilities of the anatomy of the human body, without any elements of raping motion. Everything works naturally and can be proven scientifically. With the motto “Clever Silat Without Injury”, Self Shield is accepted by various walks of life to be learned as martial arts.
In 1969, Dr. Suparjono, SH, MSi (Chairperson of the Swordsman Council of the previous period) became a staff member of the PB PON VII Deliberation in Surabaya. With inspiration from the AD / ART organizations in the existing KONI Center, Suparjono together with Bambang Mujiono Probokusumo, Totok Sumantoro, Mondo Satrio and other members of the Swordsman Council in 1970 compiled the Self Defense Shield ART / ART and the full name of the Shield organization to become a Family Indonesian National Silat PERISAI SELF, abbreviated as Indonesian Kelatnas PERISAI SELF. The discussion was also about the standard uniform of the Shield Personal Shield, which had previously been changed to black with white attribute levels that changed several times to the last as they are used today. The Self Shield symbol was also made from the proposal of Suparjono, Both Sudargo and Bambang Priyokuncoro, which was then refined and completed by Pak Dirdjo.
On May 9, 1983, RM Soebandiman Dirdjoatmodjo passed away to face the Creator. The responsibility for continuing the technique and training of the Silat Shield was transferred to his students who had now spread to all corners of the country and several countries in Europe, America and Australia. Under the coordination of Ir Nanang Soemindarto as Chairperson of the Central Board, currently the Indonesian Kelatnas Shield has branches in almost every province in Indonesia and has commissariat in 10 other countries. To appreciate his services, in 1986 the government of the Republic of Indonesia bestowed the title of the Pekar Utama Purna Utama for RM Soebandiman Dirdjoatmodjo.
Silat for Self Defense
I would like to begin this section with a testimonial i found online from Rico Fikri, someone who has trained in Silat for a long time:
“As a Silat practitioner, since childhood, I have to admit a bit of sorrow from the development of ‘Modern Sports Silat’ which does not even come close to what True Traditional Silat’s devastating and if I may say, deadly techniques might offer. It is common for a traditional Silat practitioner to apply what most ‘sporting martial arts’ calls ‘dirty techniques’ (to the eyes, throats, groins, back of neck etc.) as basic foundation of first entry-opening (counter) attacks, because, then again in its true form, Silat was never meant to enter competition or championships. It is brutal, uses very efficient 1 or 3 at most, movements to quickly finish off any attacker as fast as possible (yes, most Silat’s moves are mostly counter-attacks…it is considered being on the ‘wrong side’ when one attacks first). This foundation also takes importance of the fact to stay on stance when being surrounded by multiple-attackers (which is very common here, in Indonesia) especially focusing on those wielding a weapon. Some would sneer at the ‘dances’ most traditional Silat uses, where in fact it is very downright ‘animalistic’ in nature to distract the opponent, and creates feinting moves in the process, looking for an opening to attack when forced to. Then again, martial arts is survival at its best and most especially at times, not a sport at all. Salam from Indonesia.”
In my opinion, as a martial art pencak silat is good if your opponent does not know any type of martial arts. But when a pencak silat fighter faces a grappler, nine times out of then the grappler would win. Why? Because most (if not all) pencak silat does not teaches you how to grapple and/or fight on the ground. this is a huge flaw that many of the other martial arts has. so if you are looking to learn how to defend yourself in any type of position, you will have to supplement your Silat training with Brazilian jiu-jitsu or wrestling.
As a retrospective, Silat began to be recognized around the 1980s and back then it was a huge splash because Silat teaches many counter attacks that allowed someone to end fights quickly because Silat does not have any forbidden areas when it comes to striking. The demise of Silat as self defense began with the rise of UFC and MMA. After that many people are familiar with the clinch and grappling in general and that hinders most if not all techniques in Silat very hard to do execute their techniques on opponents that knows what they are doing.
Silat As An Art
If you look at the martial arts as an art form then martial arts are one of the best to be look at. some of the movements are more impressive than capoeira and Muay Thai. So if you’re looking for a martial arts that is easy on the eyes when you’re doing the movements then this might be the one for you.
Silat vs Aikido
in my limited knowledge about Aikido i have found that most of the famous practitioners are celebrities, Steven Seagal is the most famous of them all. I have also saw YouTube videos of Aikido demonstrations and I have to say that that is one of the fakest thing in my life. I have to give Silat the nod in this one. you know what I’m talkin about
Silat vs Boxing
Since both are striking based martial arts They was this you discuss that you will need if you are looking to strike on the feet. what is the famous Bruce Lee said:
Nothing beats western boxing for hand strikes
If you’re looking to learn to strike effectively then boxing is your best bet.
Silat vs Brazilian Jiu JItsu (BJJ)
Brazilian jiu-jitsu offer something that many other martial arts don’t and that is how to take the fight to the ground and submit your opponent. BJJ has proven to be one of the most effective martial arts to learn or anyone. when it comes to self-defense nothing with Brazilian Jiu Jitsu unless your opponent is a world-class boxer or blessed with supranatural powers.
Silat vs Capoeira
This is going to be a toss-up because both martial arts are very easy on the eyes but there’s self-defense Effectiveness are in question. the simple answer is if you are leasing in Asia then you should choose the former and if you’re living in Brazil or other South American countries then you can try Capoeira.
Silat vs Jeet Kune Do
It is very hard to find a legit JKD gym nowadays. But if you can find one and you’re looking for a martial arts that offers combat realism then JKD is a fit made in heaven.
Silat vs Judo
Similar to wrestling, after the fact that Judo Also teaches you how to submit your opponent but not in great detail as Brazilian jiu-jitsu does.
Silat vs Karate
This is an interesting comparison because both martial arts are popular with their our phone instead of their self defense effectiveness. but in this case I will have to give the nod to karate because karate is hands-down the most popular martial arts in the whole world.
Silat vs Krav Maga
Silat generally offers little to no sparring in their training sessions. So if you are looking what a martial arts that allow you to spar often and allows you to attack forbidden areas learn Krav Maga is more your thing.
Silat vs Kungfu
A very similar comparison to Karate. Add to the fact that Kungfu is more often portrayed in Holywood movies. But Silat has also made their splash thanks to films such as The Raid and The Raid 2.
Silat vs Kick Boxing
100% hands down kickboxing is the best martial art if you are looking for something that will keep you fit and teaches you how to defend yourself in a hostile situation.
Silat vs Lethwei
For the uninitiated Lethwei is basically Muay Thai plus headbutts. So take everything good in Muay Thai and add headbutts to it. Do I need to say anything more?
Silat vs MMA
This is not a fair comparison because mixed martial arts it just you how to fight in any type of situation starting from standing, clinching and grabbing on the ground. MMA is just too much when compared with martial arts that only covers one aspect of fighting.
Silat vs Muay Thai
Very similar to the case above, if you’re looking to learn a martial art for self-defense then Muay Thai is probably the better fit for you.
Silat vs Pankration
Most media Outlets Define pankration as a martial arts that combine wrestling and boxing where you at allowed to bite, gouge and attack forbidden areas. it off or something let the former cannot and that is very important if you are looking for a martial arts for self defense.
Silat vs Sambo
When it comes to self-defense Sambo fighters are hands down more complete that someone who only trains in Silat. Sambo is basically MMA.
Silat vs Sanshou
Often referred as Sanda or Wushu, Sanshou is a self defense system that originates from traditional Kung-fu pratices. China developed it to be more “realistic” and employs full contact sparring instead of traditional training. When it comes to self defense then Sanshou is the right choice between the two.
Silat vs Taekwondo
I just stopped but martial arts wiss teaches you how to strike with your hands and legs but Taekwondo it’s notorious for the deadly kicks. if you are asking me which one did I prefer then I will pick Taekwondo all the way because I’m a Joe Rogan fan.
Silat vs Wrestling
The ability to take a flight to the gram is one of the most crucial skills in self-defense situation, because by doing so you are eliminating kinetic power and your opponent would not be able to strike with much power. That is why if i was asked which martial arts i prefer for self defense, I will answer it with wrestling.
Silat vs Vale Tudo
Since Vale Tudo is basically MMA then you’ll probably know my answer to this.
Most if not all martial arts teaches us many valuable things. Silat is a martial art and therefore it can also bring many benefits into your lives. The only question remains is what type of goals that you would like to achieve from your martial arts training? If you have an answer to that then you can begin your journey to choose the best martial arts for you. And Silat could probably be your choice.